Latin Alphabet – ABC Ingles http://abcingles.net/ Tue, 22 Nov 2022 07:30:37 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://abcingles.net/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/icon-4-150x150.png Latin Alphabet – ABC Ingles http://abcingles.net/ 32 32 Alphabet Inc. (NASDAQ:GOOGL) Receives Consensus “Moderate Buy” Rating From Brokerages https://abcingles.net/2022/11/22/alphabet-inc-nasdaqgoogl-receives-consensus-moderate-buy-rating-from-brokerages/ Tue, 22 Nov 2022 06:18:07 +0000 https://abcingles.net/2022/11/22/alphabet-inc-nasdaqgoogl-receives-consensus-moderate-buy-rating-from-brokerages/ Alphabet Inc. (NASDAQ:GOOGL – Get Rating) received an average recommendation of “moderate buy” from the 41 analysts who cover the stock, reports MarketBeat Ratings. Five equity research analysts rated the stock with a hold recommendation, twenty-seven gave the company a buy recommendation and one gave the company a strong buy recommendation. The 12-month average price […]]]>

Alphabet Inc. (NASDAQ:GOOGL – Get Rating) received an average recommendation of “moderate buy” from the 41 analysts who cover the stock, reports MarketBeat Ratings. Five equity research analysts rated the stock with a hold recommendation, twenty-seven gave the company a buy recommendation and one gave the company a strong buy recommendation. The 12-month average price target among analysts who have rated the stock over the past year is $134.24.

A number of analysts have recently commented on the company. StockNews.com assumed coverage from Alphabet in a Wednesday, October 12, report. They have set a “holding” rating on the stock. MKM Partners lowered its price target on Alphabet from $140.00 to $134.00 and set a “buy” rating on the stock in a Wednesday, October 19 report. Evercore ISI lowered its price target on Alphabet from $140.00 to $130.00 and set an “outperform” rating on the stock in a Wednesday, October 26 report. JMP Securities lowered its price target on Alphabet from $160.00 to $145.00 and set a “market outperformance” rating on the stock in a Wednesday, October 26 report. Finally, Credit Suisse Group lowered its price target on Alphabet from $134.00 to $128.00 and set an “outperform” rating on the stock in a Wednesday, October 26 report.

Alphabet trades down 1.9%

Alphabet shares opened at $95.60 on Tuesday. The company has a debt ratio of 0.06, a quick ratio of 2.47 and a current ratio of 2.52. Alphabet has a 52-week low of $83.34 and a 52-week high of $151.55. The stock has a 50-day moving average price of $97.39 and a two-hundred-day moving average price of $107.68. The stock has a market capitalization of $1.24 trillion, a PE ratio of 18.99, a growth price-earnings ratio of 1.85 and a beta of 1.05.

Alphabet (NASDAQ:GOOGL – Get Rating) last announced its results on Tuesday, October 25. The information services provider reported earnings per share (EPS) of $1.06 for the quarter, missing the consensus estimate of $1.25 per ($0.19). The company posted revenue of $57.27 billion for the quarter, versus $58.36 billion expected by analysts. Alphabet had a net margin of 23.75% and a return on equity of 26.41%. During the same period of the previous year, the company achieved EPS of $1.40. As a group, stock analysts expect Alphabet to post earnings per share of 4.68 for the current fiscal year.

Insider buying and selling at Alphabet

In other Alphabet news, major shareholder 2021 Gp LLC Gv purchased 182,312 shares in a transaction on Wednesday, November 9. The shares were acquired at an average price of $34.60 per share, with a total value of $6,307,995.20. Following the transaction, the insider now directly owns 1,294,527 shares of the company, valued at approximately $44,790,634.20. The purchase was disclosed in a filing with the Securities & Exchange Commission, accessible via this hyperlink. In other Alphabet news, director Ann Mather sold 280 shares of the company in a trade that took place on Thursday, August 25. The stock was sold at an average price of $115.15, for a total transaction of $32,242.00. Following completion of the transaction, the administrator now owns 11,420 shares of the company, valued at approximately $1,315,013. The transaction was disclosed in a filing with the Securities & Exchange Commission, which is available on the SEC’s website. Additionally, major shareholder 2021 Gp LLC Gv purchased 182,312 shares in a transaction on Wednesday, November 9. The shares were acquired at an average cost of $34.60 per share, with a total value of $6,307,995.20. Following the transaction, the insider now directly owns 1,294,527 shares of the company, valued at $44,790,634.20. Disclosure of this purchase can be found here. Over the past 90 days, insiders have purchased 1,461,702 shares of the company worth $36,999,217 and sold 302,721 shares worth $20,039,793. 11.44% of the shares are currently held by company insiders.

Institutional entries and exits

Hedge funds and other institutional investors have recently changed their positions in the company. IFM Investors Pty Ltd increased its stake in Alphabet shares by 4.2% in Q1. IFM Investors Pty Ltd now owns 41,060 shares of the information services provider worth $114,202,000 after buying an additional 1,672 shares in the last quarter. Core Alternative Capital increased its stake in Alphabet shares by 44.4% in the 1st quarter. Core Alternative Capital now owns 3,728 shares of the information services provider worth $10,369,000 after buying an additional 1,146 shares in the last quarter. Northwest Bancshares Inc. increased its stake in Alphabet shares by 355.9% in Q1. Northwest Bancshares Inc. now owns 1,810 shares of the information services provider worth $5,034,000 after purchasing an additional 1,413 shares in the last quarter. Bigelow Investment Advisors LLC increased its stake in Alphabet shares by 4.7% in Q1. Bigelow Investment Advisors LLC now owns 738 shares of the information services provider worth $2,053,000 after buying 33 additional shares in the last quarter. Finally, Sather Financial Group Inc increased its stake in Alphabet shares by 83.3% in the 1st quarter. Sather Financial Group Inc now owns 858 shares of the information services provider worth $2,386,000 after buying an additional 390 shares in the last quarter. Hedge funds and other institutional investors own 1.88% of the company’s shares.

About the alphabet

(Get a rating)

Alphabet Inc provides various products and platforms in the United States, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Asia-Pacific, Canada and Latin America. It operates through Google Services, Google Cloud and Other Bets segments. The Google Services segment offers products and services, including Ads, Android, Chrome, Hardware, Gmail, Google Drive, Google Maps, Google Photos, Google Play, Search and YouTube.

Featured articles

Analyst Recommendations for Alphabet (NASDAQ:GOOGL)

This instant news alert was powered by MarketBeat’s narrative science technology and financial data to provide readers with the fastest and most accurate reports. This story was reviewed by MarketBeat’s editorial team prior to publication. Please send questions or comments about this story to contact@marketbeat.com.

Before you consider Alphabet, you’ll want to hear this.

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While Alphabet currently has a “Moderate Buy” rating among analysts, top-rated analysts believe these five stocks are better buys.

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How old is the Basque language? | Smart News https://abcingles.net/2022/11/18/how-old-is-the-basque-language-smart-news/ Fri, 18 Nov 2022 21:49:15 +0000 https://abcingles.net/2022/11/18/how-old-is-the-basque-language-smart-news/ Irulegi’s Hand Courtesy of Aranzadi Scientific Society Last summer, archaeologists in northern Spain were delighted to unearth a flat bronze artifact in the shape of a hand at a dig site not far from Pamplona. But it wasn’t until later, when they began the painstaking restoration process, that the true meaning of the hand was […]]]>

Irulegi’s Hand
Courtesy of Aranzadi Scientific Society

Last summer, archaeologists in northern Spain were delighted to unearth a flat bronze artifact in the shape of a hand at a dig site not far from Pamplona.

But it wasn’t until later, when they began the painstaking restoration process, that the true meaning of the hand was revealed: after cleaning away centuries-old sediment and dirt, researchers discovered lines of text inscribed on the object, which they dubbed the Hand of Irulegi.

Experts believe the words belong to a language that predates modern Basque, also known as Euskara. The first word on the hand, sorionekulooks a lot like the basque word zorionekuwhich means “lucky”.

Irulegi's hand in the dirt

Archaeologists discovered the hand last year, but didn’t fully appreciate its significance until they swept away some of the sediment.

Courtesy of Aranzadi Scientific Society

Archaeologists suspect the hand hung above the door of a mud-brick house about 2,000 years ago, possibly as an “amulet of protection”, as Joseph Wilson writes for The Associated Press.

The researchers were unable to match any of the other hand texts with known Basque words, but they plan to continue their analysis.

Not only is the discovery important for understanding the evolution of the Basque language, but it also sheds new light on the Vascones, a late Iron Age tribe that researchers say gave rise to the culture. Basque. The Vascones lived in what is now the Spanish region of Navarre.

Researchers analyzing the hand

Researchers analyzing the hand

Courtesy of Aranzadi Scientific Society

Archaeologists had previously assumed that the Vascones did not use writing – other than for the purpose of creating coins – until the Romans introduced the Latin alphabet. But the 40 characters engraved on the Hand of Irulegi say otherwise.

“This piece upsets what we thought so far of the Basques and of writing,” explains Joaquín Gorrochategui, a philologist at the University of the Basque Country, in a press release from the Aranzadi Science Society, which has been excavating the site since 2017. “We were almost convinced that the Basques were illiterate in ancient times.”

Bronze hand during cleaning

The bronze hand during cleaning

Courtesy of Carmen Usua

The creator of the hand used a technique known as stippling, which involves making many small dots to create a shape or image. Before making the dots, however, the author first traced the letters with a pointed instrument, a technique known as sgraffito. These methods are “virtually unknown…in all of ancient epigraphy in the Western world,” Javier Velaza, a philologist at the University of Barcelona, ​​explains in the statement.

The hand probably survived so long because two warring Roman groups burned down the ancient settlement during the Sertorian War, which lasted from 80 to 72 BCE. The flames sealed off the village’s mud-brick buildings and in the process preserved artifacts for the ages. .

The Basque language has persisted for centuries, despite numerous attempts throughout history to stifle it. Experts consider Basque an ‘isolated language’, which means that it has no connection with other languages ​​in the world, including those spoken nearby, such as French and Spanish. Today, around 700,000 still speak it.

“No one is able to say where [the language] comes,” Pello Salaburu, who previously headed the Basque Language Institute at the University of the Basque Country, told the BBC’s Anna Bitong in 2017. “There are no clear conclusions.

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Alphabet Inc. (NASDAQ:GOOG) sees a surge in short-term interest https://abcingles.net/2022/11/16/alphabet-inc-nasdaqgoog-sees-a-surge-in-short-term-interest/ Wed, 16 Nov 2022 23:15:26 +0000 https://abcingles.net/2022/11/16/alphabet-inc-nasdaqgoog-sees-a-surge-in-short-term-interest/ Alphabet Inc. (NASDAQ:GOOG – Get Rating) was the target of strong short-term interest growth in October. As of October 31, there was short interest totaling 30,150,000 shares, a growth of 13.9% from the total of 26,470,000 shares as of October 15. Based on an average trading volume of 25,640,000 shares, the day-to-cover ratio is currently […]]]>

Alphabet Inc. (NASDAQ:GOOG – Get Rating) was the target of strong short-term interest growth in October. As of October 31, there was short interest totaling 30,150,000 shares, a growth of 13.9% from the total of 26,470,000 shares as of October 15. Based on an average trading volume of 25,640,000 shares, the day-to-cover ratio is currently 1.2 days.

Insider trading at Alphabet

In other news, 2017 major shareholder Gp LLC Gv sold 107,393 shares of the company in a deal that took place on Monday, October 31. The stock was sold at an average price of $38.64, for a total transaction of $4,149,665.52. The sale was disclosed in a filing with the SEC, which is available on the SEC’s website. Separately, 2017 major shareholder Gp LLC Gv sold 107,393 shares of Alphabet in a transaction that took place on Monday, October 31. The stock was sold at an average price of $38.64, for a total transaction of $4,149,665.52. The sale was disclosed in a filing with the Securities & Exchange Commission, accessible via this link. Additionally, director Ann Mather sold 280 shares of Alphabet in a trade that took place on Thursday, August 25. The stock was sold at an average price of $115.15, for a total value of $32,242.00. Following the transaction, the administrator now owns 11,420 shares of the company, valued at $1,315,013. The disclosure of this sale can be found here. During the last quarter, insiders bought 1,461,702 shares of the company worth $36,999,217 and sold 302,721 shares worth $20,039,793. Company insiders own 12.99% of the company’s stock.

Hedge funds weigh in on the alphabet

Institutional investors and hedge funds have recently increased or reduced their stake in the company. MAI Capital Management strengthened its position in Alphabet by 7.3% in the 2nd quarter. MAI Capital Management now owns 38,604 shares of the information services provider valued at $84,443,000 after buying 2,612 additional shares in the last quarter. Capital Advisors Inc. OK increased its stake in Alphabet shares by 4.2% in Q2. Capital Advisors Inc. OK now owns 25,180 shares of the information services provider valued at $55,079,000 after buying an additional 1,024 shares in the last quarter. Ritholtz Wealth Management increased its stake in Alphabet shares by 6.7% in Q2. Ritholtz Wealth Management now owns 2,809 shares of the information services provider valued at $6,145,000 after buying 177 additional shares last quarter. Arthur M. Cohen & Associates LLC increased its stake in Alphabet shares by 1,177.3% in Q2. Arthur M. Cohen & Associates LLC now owns 7,536 shares of the information services provider valued at $16,484,000 after purchasing an additional 6,946 shares last quarter. Finally, Permit Capital LLC increased its stake in Alphabet shares by 22.6% in the 1st quarter. Permit Capital LLC now owns 5,916 shares of the information services provider valued at $16,523,000 after buying an additional 1,090 shares last quarter. 1.49% of the shares are held by hedge funds and other institutional investors.

Alphabet stock up 0.3%

Alphabet stock traded down $0.27 during Wednesday’s trading, hitting $98.99. 24,647,070 shares of the company were traded, against an average volume of 29,392,465. The company’s 50-day moving average is $98.93 and its two-hundred-day moving average is $108.76. The company has a debt ratio of 0.06, a quick ratio of 2.47 and a current ratio of 2.52. Alphabet has a 52-week low of $83.45 and a 52-week high of $152.10. The company has a market capitalization of $1.28 trillion, a price/earnings ratio of 19.70, a PEG ratio of 1.81 and a beta of 1.05.

Alphabet (NASDAQ:GOOG – Get Rating) last announced its quarterly results on Tuesday, October 25. The information services provider reported earnings per share of $1.06 for the quarter, missing analyst consensus estimates of $1.25 per ($0.19). Alphabet had a return on equity of 26.41% and a net margin of 23.75%. The company posted revenue of $69.09 billion for the quarter, versus $70.67 billion expected by analysts. During the same period last year, the company posted earnings per share of $1.40. The company’s revenue for the quarter increased 6.1% year over year. On average, analysts predict Alphabet will post 4.73 earnings per share for the current year.

Wall Street analysts predict growth

Several research analysts have recently published reports on GOOG stocks. Piper Sandler cut her price target on Alphabet from $135.00 to $122.00 and set an “overweight” rating for the company in a Wednesday, October 26 research report. Jefferies Financial Group set a price target of $125.00 on Alphabet in a Wednesday, October 26 report. Raymond James cut his price target on Alphabet from $143.00 to $120.00 and set an “outperform” rating for the company in a Wednesday, October 26 report. Susquehanna Bancshares cut its price target on Alphabet from $187.00 to $150.00 in a Wednesday, July 27 report. Finally, Credit Suisse Group set a price target of $128.00 on Alphabet in a report on Wednesday, October 26. One equity research analyst gave the stock a hold rating and eighteen gave the stock a buy rating. According to data from MarketBeat.com, Alphabet has an average rating of “Moderate Buy” and an average price target of $147.88.

About the alphabet

(Get an assessment)

Alphabet Inc provides various products and platforms in the United States, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Asia-Pacific, Canada and Latin America. It operates through Google Services, Google Cloud and Other Bets segments. The Google Services segment offers products and services, including Ads, Android, Chrome, Hardware, Gmail, Google Drive, Google Maps, Google Photos, Google Play, Search and YouTube.

Further reading

This instant news alert was powered by MarketBeat’s narrative science technology and financial data to provide readers with the fastest and most accurate reports. This story was reviewed by MarketBeat’s editorial team prior to publication. Please send questions or comments about this story to contact@marketbeat.com.

Before you consider Alphabet, you’ll want to hear this.

MarketBeat tracks daily the highest rated and most successful research analysts on Wall Street and the stocks they recommend to their clients. MarketBeat has identified the five stocks that top analysts are quietly whispering to their clients to buy now before the market takes off…and Alphabet wasn’t on the list.

While Alphabet currently has a “Moderate Buy” rating among analysts, top-rated analysts believe these five stocks are better buys.

See the five actions here

]]>
LETTER FROM ISTANBUL: A remarkable man | Lost Coast Outpost https://abcingles.net/2022/11/13/letter-from-istanbul-a-remarkable-man-lost-coast-outpost/ Sun, 13 Nov 2022 15:00:41 +0000 https://abcingles.net/2022/11/13/letter-from-istanbul-a-remarkable-man-lost-coast-outpost/ 9:05 a.m. From the roof terrace, horns could be heard everywhere in the city, even ships in the Bosphorus. In the streets below, someone was playing “Taps” on a soulful trumpet. And finally, the moving and majestic sounds of the Turkish national anthem rippled like the wind through the proud flags on the cold November […]]]>

9:05 a.m. From the roof terrace, horns could be heard everywhere in the city, even ships in the Bosphorus. In the streets below, someone was playing “Taps” on a soulful trumpet. And finally, the moving and majestic sounds of the Turkish national anthem rippled like the wind through the proud flags on the cold November morning. Nearby, a few of my Turkish colleagues stood in silence, with solemn and thoughtful faces.

The unrelenting fervor lasted several minutes, but seemed longer, the great city – and the nation beyond – stopping as it does every year on this day at exactly this time – to remember the life and work of the founder of the republic, Mustafa Kemal. Atatürk, or “Father Turk”.



Ataturk! Photo: Public domain, via Wikimedia.

Having lived here for many years, I have long since become accustomed to this annual manifestation of mourning and tribute to the legacy of Atatürk. It was at this time: 9:05 a.m., November 10, 1938, that the great leader died at the premature age of 58.

Like a yabanci, it is still a gripping event, even after so many years, to see and hear the nation pause to collectively remember the passing of the man many here feel, to paraphrase one historian, singularly pick up the Ottoman Turks exhausted and nearly lifted them in the 20th century. From the battered remnants of a defeated empire, Atatürk envisioned and designed a leaner and fitter republic, equipped it and guided it into the modern age.

I made it a point to learn more about Atatürk when I arrived in Turkey over ten years ago. How could you not? More than 80 years after his death, his face is still visible everywhere, his portraits hang in almost every establishment, and some young people even have his signature or his famous quote as tattoos on their arms. “Happy is he who can say: ‘I am a Turk!'” is one of the most often recalled, underlining the pride that Atatürk naturally seized, instilled and exploited in his people.

Those unfamiliar with the late Mustafa Kemal and interested in modern history will find his life story well worth their time. During World War I he was a soldier, and although the Ottomans (who fought with Germany) ultimately lost the war, Kemal was the only Ottoman general who never lost a battle. After the war, with the empire in ruins, the Bosphorus under the control of the victorious Allies, the lands of Anatolia themselves threatened with splintering, it was Atatürk who assembled the army from the ranks of the people. It was Atatürk who rallied this army to wage another war, this time a war of independence, against the Western-backed Greeks. After winning this war, Ataturk forced the Allies to the negotiating table and restored Turkish control of the Bosphorus.

By 1923 the empire was gone, along with the sultans and caliphate that had ruled the country for centuries, and a new republic was born and, like his historic ancestor George Washington, the victorious general became the republic’s first president. .

Like Washington, Ataturk in the years of his presidency sought to build and develop his young nation. He negotiated a series of peace agreements with Turkey’s neighbours, a far-reaching policy of “peace in Turkey, peace in the world”, which had the intended effect: it kept Turkey away from the Second World War, which Atatürk had foreseen. Indeed, when one reflects on the current war in the north, Turkey’s role as a mediator in the conflict has its roots at least in part in the politics of Atatürk.

This policy, admittedly isolationist, but self-preserving, has allowed Turkey to focus on the modernization of its industries, its public infrastructure and its education system. For the first time, women were allowed to go to college, to work outside the home, to pursue careers. Moreover, wishing to attach his country to the West, Atatürk ordered the country to adopt the Latin alphabet, and called on all citizens to learn this new alphabet in three months. Three months! All newspapers, books, etc., were basically changed overnight.

The significance of Atatürk’s life and work, especially with regard to the future NATO alliance, was recognized long after his death. In a 25-year commemoration speech, then-President John F. Kennedy called Atatürk “one of the great men of the 20th century”:

“It is to the credit of Atatürk and the Turkish people that a free Turkey was born out of a crumbling empire and that the new Turkey has proudly proclaimed and maintained its independence ever since. There is certainly no more successful example of national autonomy than the birth of the Turkish republic and the profound changes initiated since then by Turkey and Atatürk.

###

Admittedly, not all of Atatürk’s reforms have aged well. For example, its ban on the headscarf for women who wish to attend university or work in public jobs has since been lifted. Women can now choose whether or not to wear the headscarf while continuing to attend university or hold public office.

In fact, one could even say that Atatürk’s legacy has become somewhat divided in recent years (what hasn’t become at least “somewhat divided” these days?). The current administration in Turkey has been in power for almost 20 years and its leader, President Recep Tayyıp Erdoğan, is seeking a new presidential term. How and why, critics ask, can a party hold power for so long in a so-called democracy?

The answer, some would say, lies in the arguably unintended consequences of Atatürk’s reforms. That for decades traditional and conservative Muslims have felt persecuted, unwanted, sidelined in favor of their more “progressive and modern” colleagues. Imagine being a young Muslim woman and having to take off your headscarf (hide your beliefs) to attend your classes? Or not being offered a job based solely on your beliefs? For his many supporters, especially in the more conservative lands of Central and Eastern Anatolia, Erdoğan and his AK Party remain popular and appreciated as they are considered to have restored and safeguarded Muslim traditions, having been treated (to their eyes) like second-class people. citizens in their own country for so long.

(Others would say that it was not animosity toward religion per se that drove Atatürk’s great reforms, but rather against the Ottomans and their rulers, whom he saw as responsible for the decline of empire and of Turkey’s fall from the West, of having become “the sick man of Europe”.)

I offer the above not as a critique of Atatürk, but rather as a different perspective, especially for those who are not in Turkey and know little about the country’s modern history and current situation. Yes, inflation is over 80% – rent and food prices, energy costs, in fact everything – is expensive. The country is home to countless refugees, from Syria, Afghanistan, and now Ukraine and Russia. There is a general feeling of uncertainty, what next?

Perhaps that is what gave such a resonance to the fresh morning air last Thursday, when I witnessed and heard so many people, a nation so to speak, stopping their routine to pause and reflect , wanting to remember. What did they remember? Greatness? Or maybe it was the stability, the comfort that comes from remembering great events and great people.

###

And why did I stop and think? Was it some sort of veiled response to the US midterm elections? A few oblique comments on today’s murky and divided situation here and in much of the West? A deaf warning about the rise of fascist forces in the East?

Was it a cry of unity, of clarity in today’s world, a world that some describe as in “permacrisis”, beleaguered by the pandemic, by war, by inflation, by real threats and perceived? Is there anything in the story of Atatürk and his nation that we can all benefit from hearing?

Perhaps I was moved by the sights and sounds of 9:05 a.m., by the majestic tribute to a remarkable man. After all, my wife is Turkish and our son is Turkish-American. Would such a union have been possible without the legacy of Atatürk? Don’t I also owe a debt of gratitude?

It is perhaps important for me to remember that much of the best we have in this world, the world we have inherited, is the direct result of remarkable people. The ground on which we stand has been tilled, and the grain lifted, as it were, by firm, strong, sure hands. We must remember them. “The greatest battle is the war against ignorance”, as Atatürk himself said.

Fortunately, we still have a world around us, and we surely still have remarkable people. I hope so: for then, now and always, we need it.

###


James Tressler, a former Lost Coast resident, is a writer and teacher living in Istanbul.

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Ancient Etruscans Prayed at Sacred Hot Springs, Stunning Statues Reveal https://abcingles.net/2022/11/10/ancient-etruscans-prayed-at-sacred-hot-springs-stunning-statues-reveal/ Thu, 10 Nov 2022 10:00:45 +0000 https://abcingles.net/2022/11/10/ancient-etruscans-prayed-at-sacred-hot-springs-stunning-statues-reveal/ Archaeologists in Italy have unearthed more than two dozen 2,000-year-old bronze statues, many impeccably preserved in millennia of mud, alongside thousands of pieces left behind by the Romans and Etruscans, a mysterious people who once ruled parts of the Italian peninsula. and whose language has not yet been deciphered. Since 2019, archaeologists dug in San […]]]>

Archaeologists in Italy have unearthed more than two dozen 2,000-year-old bronze statues, many impeccably preserved in millennia of mud, alongside thousands of pieces left behind by the Romans and Etruscans, a mysterious people who once ruled parts of the Italian peninsula. and whose language has not yet been deciphered.

Since 2019, archaeologists dug in San Casciano dei Bagni, a town in the central Italian region of Tuscany, and their perseverance paid off. The antique statues are the largest concentration of bronze statues from this period ever found in Italy and include pieces that depict Apollo and Hygeia, the ancient Greek god and goddess of health. Some of the statues also contain Etruscan and Latin inscriptions, according to a translation statement (opens in a new tab). (The Etruscan written language uses the Latin alphabet, but scholars was unable to decipher the words.)

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9 memes that perfectly sum up Indiana Jones as a character https://abcingles.net/2022/11/08/9-memes-that-perfectly-sum-up-indiana-jones-as-a-character/ Tue, 08 Nov 2022 01:46:00 +0000 https://abcingles.net/2022/11/08/9-memes-that-perfectly-sum-up-indiana-jones-as-a-character/ With Indiana Jones 5 on the way, everyone’s favorite archaeologist with a whip sneaks back to the internet. Where there’s a great character from an even bigger franchise, there are memes, and Indy is no exception. Although an avatar of the 80s, Indiana Jones is also proving himself as a man of the 2020s. Memes […]]]>

With Indiana Jones 5 on the way, everyone’s favorite archaeologist with a whip sneaks back to the internet. Where there’s a great character from an even bigger franchise, there are memes, and Indy is no exception. Although an avatar of the 80s, Indiana Jones is also proving himself as a man of the 2020s.


Memes celebrating (or poking fun at) Indy’s exceptional personality, shaped in part by his adventures, help introduce him to a whole new generation. Most of them build on iconic scenes from the franchise’s first three films, but there’s always room for more.

VIDEO OF THE DAY

If Indy had a little brother

Every newcomer to the crowd recognizes that sometimes it’s the only way to spend time in front of a screen. Unfortunately, older children know full well that this usually comes at their expense.

RELATED: 10 Memes That Perfectly Summarize The Indiana Jones Movies

This moment of LEGO Indiana Jones probably wouldn’t have worked as a meme if Indy hadn’t shown such strong energy for the only child. According MindBodyGreen, only children tend to show independence, autonomy, high self-esteem and a lot of ambition. This should sound familiar to Jones Fans.

Indiana Jones: Baby Daddy

The first three IndianaJones The films took inspiration from the life of James Bond by granting him a curious exemption from paternity, despite having a special daughter in each film and a night spent together at each scene change. Much like 007, Jones’ playboy lifestyle contributed heavily to his character and popularity.

RELATED: 10 Details In James Bond Movies Redditors Would Change

But Indiana Jones’ promiscuity caught up with him in Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, the fourth installment of the franchise. Set in the 1950s, the film gave one of Indy’s lovers from the first film plenty of time to raise a child. To his credit, an older Jones, perhaps befitting his older years, settled down and maintained his involvement in his son’s life.

Trying to change the history – Ending up with a car warranty ad

Although recently under fire from pop culture criticism for plowing fields riddled with holes, IndianaJones the films relied heavily on the mystical elements of a culture or religion to grab viewers’ attention. Indiana Jones’ passion for archeology led him on complex adventures, but he almost always ended up empty-handed.

These elements came up against Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark, which saw Indy on an exciting race to find the Ark of the Covenant, but some argue it had no real effect on the plot. It was about as disappointing as seeing a real letter in the mailbox, only to open it to find an advertisement for your vehicle’s extended warranty.

Evolution of a teacher

Fans don’t see much of Indiana Jones in the classroom, but when they do, he’s fresh as August, with swooning female students. It helps to add to his Bond-like mystique, but every college professor knows there was no way Indy would spend so much time “in the field,” so to speak, if he didn’t first run through a full semester from time to time. some time.

Much of the motivation for these action adventures came from Dr. Jones’ fascination with the ancient world, as well as his open-minded nature. Ironically, his life as a teacher prepared him well to climb the snake pits.

Not a man who goes to church

While Indiana Jones may operate in part on a fascination with other religions (and even a bit of magic), it’s worth noting that he didn’t get down on his own knees and converted. The events of Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Last Ark alone would have put other men in a monastery for life.

RELATED: 10 Ways Indiana Jones And The Kingdom Of The Crystal Skull Is Actually Underrated

But Indiana Jones isn’t most men. In Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, his agnosticism (because, as this quote shows, he believes in God) was challenged to also include the possibility of extraterrestrial life forms. True to his school nature, Indy was ready to ride the alien train as far as it would take.

Knock down the house

There are a lot of them, aren’t there? An element that is consistent throughout Indiana Jones franchise is – in addition to many Ionic characters – an adventure that includes at least one ancient temple that spectacularly crumbles to dust.

Real-life archaeologists spend a lot of time on excavations, brushing off tons of dirt with toothbrushes so as not to disturb the site or damage the artifacts. Indiana Jones’ method probably isn’t the friendliest way to wrap up an investigation, but on the other hand, he doesn’t present himself as the most patient guy in the world.

Bring a gun to a sword fight

The behind-the-scenes story of this instantly classic scene from The Raiders of the Lost Ark is courtesy of forever iconic Indian Jones portrait painter Harrison Ford.

As Ford once confirmed on a Reddit AMA, Indy was set to engage in an elaborate sword vs. whip fight with his impressive opponent. However, the exhausted leading man was suffering from dysentery on location in Tunisia, and when the day of filming arrived he asked somewhat seriously, “Can’t I just shoot him?” There’s a lot of Ford in Jones, so if it seems Indy and Han Solo had a lot of humor (and just the right use of a gun) to offer the audience, it’s no accident.

Everything can happen

Some reliable truths hold this franchise together, including Indiana Jones’ fear of snakes, but those third-act twists are what turn the movies into blockbusters.

Perhaps the starkest example of this is that Lucasfilm was willing to (sort of) let the good guy lose. For example, in Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark the protagonist saved the Ark of the Covenant from falling into the worst possible hands, but the prize certainly didn’t end up where viewers might have expected.

Avoid the obvious

Part of what sets Indiana Jones apart from most action heroes is his academic background and his aptitude with foreign languages. He had his dad to thank for that, as fans learned in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, and in fact, this chapter of the franchise installed Indiana Jones and his father, an all-time beloved father-son couple.

One of the most exciting moments of last crusade depended on Indiana Jones’ knowledge of the Latin alphabet, which involved a trick question of his own, an Indy performed at the last possible second. With that kind of brain, there was no fear of the main man reaching for the plate. Although, unlike everyone else, he probably noticed he was there.

NEXT: 10 Most Exciting Action Movies Coming In 2023

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How to read the Enchanting Table language in Minecraft https://abcingles.net/2022/11/02/how-to-read-the-enchanting-table-language-in-minecraft/ Wed, 02 Nov 2022 14:25:20 +0000 https://abcingles.net/2022/11/02/how-to-read-the-enchanting-table-language-in-minecraft/ Minecraft offers many interesting items, including enchanting tables that allow players to apply special bonuses to their tools, weapons, and armor. If you are new to this game, you may be fascinated by the special language used in this block. Many may not understand what this language means as it is completely fictional. However, the […]]]>

Minecraft offers many interesting items, including enchanting tables that allow players to apply special bonuses to their tools, weapons, and armor. If you are new to this game, you may be fascinated by the special language used in this block. Many may not understand what this language means as it is completely fictional.

However, the dedicated Minecraft community was quick to figure out where this language came from and even created a table that directly translates the letters into English. Although a direct translation does not imply anything precisely, it is still a fascinating process. The history of this mystical language is also interesting to learn.


Origins of the Language in Minecraft’s Enchanting Table and How to Read It

Origin of the language

The Enchanting Table Tongue is from another game (Image via Minecraft Fandom Wiki)
The Enchanting Table Tongue is from another game (Image via Minecraft Fandom Wiki)

If you’re guessing that this secret language is from an ancient Minecraft civilization, you’re wrong, because it’s from a completely different game.

The language is called “Standard Galactic Alphabet” and was first featured in a series of games called “Commander Keen”. This title is an old 2D side-scroller from the early 90s that used language on different signs that appeared in the game world.

These fictional alphabets were a clever substitution for the actual Latin alphabet and were first written by Tom Hall, who modified the alphabet slightly to create a new language. When the sandbox game was created, the developers used this language for the enchanting table because it looked rather mysterious and cryptic.


How to read the language of the enchanting table

The table that translates all the alphabets of the Minecraft Enchanting Table into English (Image via Reddit /u/cadeflame)
The table that translates all the alphabets of the Minecraft Enchanting Table into English (Image via Reddit /u/cadeflame)

Since Minecraft has been out for so long, the subject of the Enchanting Table Language has already come up a number of times. Therefore, as soon as you search for “Standard Galactic Alphabet” on Google, the full table of the translated language in the English alphabet is displayed.

You just need to load the game and this table side by side to read what is written on the enchanting table GUI or what alphabet is flowing from the shelves to the table. Once the translation is complete, you will be able to read all the words written on the block.


Enchanting table translations can be confusing

What the enchanting table language looks like when translated into the game via a mod (Image via Reddit)
What the enchanting table language looks like when translated into the game via a mod (Image via Reddit)

You would think that the English translation in this cryptic language would clearly tell you what the enchantments are, but that is not what happens. When you translate each alphabet, the sentence that appears will be confusing and nonsensical. This is not the case in the Commander Keen series of games since the words on the panels mean something.

It will only translate the language of the enchanted table into random words that have no connection to the actual enchantment. You might be disappointed because the translation does not imply anything. However, this language is probably best ignored since Mojang only attempted to create a mysterious storyline by adding fictional language.


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Governor General Mary Simon unveils a very personal coat of arms https://abcingles.net/2022/10/30/governor-general-mary-simon-unveils-a-very-personal-coat-of-arms/ Sun, 30 Oct 2022 13:57:09 +0000 https://abcingles.net/2022/10/30/governor-general-mary-simon-unveils-a-very-personal-coat-of-arms/ Rideau Hall on Friday unveiled Governor General Mary Simon’s coat of arms — ones she says reflect her personal story and commitment to reconciliation. Simon became Governor General last year, making history by becoming the first Aboriginal to hold the post of honour. Simon grew up in the Inuit community of Kangiqsualujjuaq in northern Quebec. […]]]>

Rideau Hall on Friday unveiled Governor General Mary Simon’s coat of arms — ones she says reflect her personal story and commitment to reconciliation.

Simon became Governor General last year, making history by becoming the first Aboriginal to hold the post of honour.

Simon grew up in the Inuit community of Kangiqsualujjuaq in northern Quebec. Prior to her appointment as Governor General, Simon was a journalist, civil servant and diplomat.

In a press release, the Office of the Governor General said his coat of arms is a symbol of Simon’s northern upbringing, heritage and career as a diplomat.

“This crest is my story, my true story, and it speaks to my lifelong commitment to building bridges and family, and my hopes for a future where we respect each other and share each other’s stories to help foster better people-to-people relations,” Simon said in the press release.

Chief Herald of Canada Samy Khalid, who is responsible for the official coat of arms, said in the statement that Simon’s coat of arms is “simple in composition and, at the same time, extremely complex in meaning”.

“It’s a personal crest that serves a public purpose. It illustrates how heraldry can express many layers of a person’s identity in a structured yet creative way,” he said.

Currency

Simon is the first Governor General to have a coat of arms with a motto in an Indigenous language. “Ajuinnata” is an Inuktitut word meaning “to persevere” or never give up.

“This motto inspires its own journey and embodies its message of hope to young people and to all Canadians facing adversity,” the statement read.

A description of Rideau Hall’s coat of arms states that the motto is “a guiding principle for [Simon] and an indication of his hopes for the truth and reconciliation process.”

Ajuinnata is an Inuktitut word meaning “to persevere” or “never give up”. (Governor General of Canada)

The shield

The shield is white – a color which, according to the description of the coat of arms, is meant to represent reconciliation, as well as the snow and skies of the Canadian North. The crown symbolizes Simon’s role as the representative of the monarchy in Canada.

The shield is shaped like an amauti, a traditional parka worn by Inuit women.

A horizontal line in the center of the shield represents “Simon’s pioneering career in Inuit and circumpolar affairs”, while the surrounding disc and circle represent “an inclusive relationship between Indigenous peoples and all Canadians”.

The shield is white and shaped like an amauti, an Inuit parka. (Governor General of Canada)

Ridge

The snowy owl is believed to symbolize wisdom, agility and adaptability.

“So it alludes to His Excellency’s life experience and diplomatic skills,” reads the description of the coat of arms.

Caribou antlers represent the connection between humans and nature. It is also an important animal in Inuit culture.

The crest of the coat of arms represents a snowy owl and caribou antlers. (Governor General of Canada)

supporters

Two arctic foxes flank the coat of arms. The animal is “famous for its endurance and long migratory treks,” the description reads. They represent Simon’s “career as a diplomat and advocate for circumpolar affairs”.

The mountain sorrel on the fox’s left pendant is a common plant from the Nunavik region of Quebec, where Simon grew up. The strawberry flower on the opposite pendant is in honor of Simon’s husband, Whit Grant Fraser. The flower is a symbol on the crest of the Scottish Clan of the Fraser and the name is derived from “Fraise”, the French word for strawberry.

Two kakivak harpoons separate the foxes. The spears represent Simon’s grandmother, “who taught him many traditional values ​​and life skills,” the description reads.

The arctic foxes represent Simon’s “career as a diplomat and advocate for circumpolar affairs”. (Governor General of Canada)

Compartment

Simon enjoys picking berries in his spare time, according to his official biography. The blueberries at the bottom of the ridge represent this hobby. The cottongrass that surrounds them is used to make the wicks of a traditional Inuit lamp called a qulliq.

The blueberries in the coat of arms compartment represent Simon’s passion for picking berries. (Governor General of Canada)

Badge

The three insignia are, from left to right, Commander of the Order of Military Merit, Companion of the Order of Canada and Commander of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces.

The insignia are, from left to right, the Commander of the Order of Military Merit, the Companion of the Order of Canada and the Commander of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces. (Governor General of Canada)

The coat of arms has unique elements

Khalid said in an interview that a governor general’s coat of arms is usually revealed much closer to their installation date, but the COVID-19 pandemic has slowed the process in this case.

Khalid worked with Simon to design the coat of arms and said he was grateful for the extra time.

“We wanted to do it at this pace this time around, and I think it gave us the opportunity to really develop something very meaningful for His Excellency,” Khalid said.

He said several things make Simon’s coat of arms stand out from those of his predecessors. One is the use of the color white, while another is the Inuktitut motto, which is written in both Latin script and syllabics.

“In this case, what is interesting, in my opinion, is that it is a simple word which is very difficult to translate,” Khalid said of the motto.

Khalid added that the use of three badges is also notable. Most Governors General opt for only one, the Order of Canada.

Khalid said he hopes the coat of arms will help Canadians get to know Simon better.

“Heralds like to say they are storytellers, and there are plenty of details here that will help Canadians learn a little more about the Governor General, her life and her career.”

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Hate speech, disinformation and the role of big tech companies in Latin America and the world https://abcingles.net/2022/10/27/hate-speech-disinformation-and-the-role-of-big-tech-companies-in-latin-america-and-the-world/ Thu, 27 Oct 2022 15:25:00 +0000 https://abcingles.net/2022/10/27/hate-speech-disinformation-and-the-role-of-big-tech-companies-in-latin-america-and-the-world/ TOPSHOT – A supporter of US President Donald Trump wears a gas mask as he protests after the assault … [+] the United States Capitol on January 6, 2021 in Washington, DC. – Protesters breached security and entered the Capitol as Congress debated certification of the electoral vote for the 2020 presidential election. President-elect Joe […]]]>

For several years, the mainstream view of big tech companies like Alphabet (Google
GOOG
) and Meta (Facebook) is that they have become too powerful and governments and regulators need to do something about it. One of the main sticking points has to do with personal dealings that generate monopolistic moats that become so entrenched that they essentially cannot be challenged. There is also a deep concern about user privacy and the use of huge amounts of data like humanity has never seen.

The power that Google, Facebook and a few other companies wield over the information ecosystem, of which they have become the de facto guardians, is troubling. Ultimately, they took over an editorial role that had previously been controlled by media companies, especially news publishers. The confrontation between the media industry and some giants of Silicon Valley has pushed the debate on the power of Big Tech to the fore, largely because of the loss of potential revenue suffered by publishers and absorbed by these firms, but it has fueled a healthy conversation that puts the role of technology in the 21st century under critical scrutiny. Yet, while regulation has advanced in several countries, it seems that we are a long way from knowing what and how to regulate. In Argentina, for example, the aftermath of the assassination attempt on Vice President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner has led to calls to stifle hate speech online, but the political actors pushing this have no idea. of what they are talking about, essentially seeking to censor media companies that hold opposing views.

Pressure is mounting on big tech companies largely because of Europe. What started with the EU Copyright Directive – which gave producers of internet journalists an ancillary right that gave value to their content – ​​has now expanded into an all-out antitrust war. Margrethe Vestager, the European Commission’s competition commissioner, is responsible for this onslaught. “Europe is open for business, but there are rules, and that’s for everyone,” she said recently. Wired. “We’ve had three Google cases already, we’ve got another Google investigation going on about Google’s ad technology, we’ve had two Amazon
AMZN
cases already, and now have a third, we have a Facebook case pending, and three Apple
AAPL
case,” she listed. Alphabet has just suffered a tough setback after the General Court of the European Court of Justice upheld a $4 billion fine, while Meta was recently fined over $400 million – a record for breaching European privacy law GDPR. Yet these figures are just drops in the ocean for companies whose sales are several times greater than the GDP of small to medium-sized countries. Alphabet saw $260 billion in sales in 2021 (92% of that in ad dollars) while Meta raked in $120 billion (97% from ads).

This debate made its way to the Annual Assembly organized by WADAF, the Argentine media association, in Calafate this year. Diego Garazzi, The Nation, used Newton’s Laws of Motion to draw an analogy to the current situation. First, a body must be set in motion, it will reach a speed proportional to the force applied to it, and it will generate an equal and opposite reaction once it hits another body. Thus, the standoff between Big Tech and the media industry was first sparked by calls for regulation, accelerated and then culminated in a confrontation that brought the Googles of the world to the table. negotiations. The passage of laws forcing negotiations or lawsuits between platforms and media companies in the European Union, Australia and Canada, to name a few, has triggered some agreements, such as the Showcase (Alphabet) and News Tab (Meta) development announcements in several of the countries.

Going forward, it looked like these companies were building working relationships with the media industry where they would start paying for the use of journalistic content, but a storm could be brewing. Few months ago The Wall Street Journal reported that Meta announced to major US publishers that it would cut funding for News Tab amid widespread malaise in the advertising market. This goes hand in hand with a general paradigm shift in global markets due to recessionary trends and a hike in interest rates by major central banks, suggesting the end of easy money and cheap credit. which will certainly affect the profitability of the private sector. Big Tech has been on a spending spree for years, partially interrupted by the 2008 financial crisis – now it seems like it’s time to focus on the bottom line. Already across Latin America, there have been rumbles between media associations and the parent companies of Google and Facebook, which could presage a more widespread shift away from the current stance of throwing some cash at major publishers to keep them at bay.

These companies are more afraid of bad press and potential future legislation than fines. This is why the issue of hate speech goes to the heart of their business models and future projections. The use of algorithms to deliver content has created certain vicious circles that have exacerbated hate speech and led to a rise in extremism and even mass shootings, as mentioned in a previous column about Cristina’s attacker , Fernando Sabbag Montiel, and the QAnon movement in stride. of the Capitol Hill riot in the United States during the last days of Donald Trump’s presidency.

Google, Facebook, YouTube, Twitter and other platforms use a mixture of artificial intelligence and human moderation to limit the proliferation of dangerous content. But it is almost impossible to determine by deduction what hate speech is, as constitutional law expert Carlos Laplacette explained in his speech to the WADAF assembly. Not only that, there seems to be some kind of feedback loop between the spreading of fake news, the upsurge of hate speech clusters, and the call to do something, which almost always results in some sort of body determining what is and what is not allowed. Free speech is always under attack whenever someone can determine what is valid and what is not. So, if major platforms are blamed for content that is distributed and accessed through their products, and are asked to censor certain content or face large fines, they will be in deep trouble. What if they can’t figure out what content to block fast enough? What if they are then accused of violating free speech for this?

The global tech elite is made up of a handful of companies including Alphabet, Meta, Apple, Amazon, Microsoft
MSFT
, Alibaba and a few others. (In Latin America we might include Mercado Libre). These companies are hugely profitable and have added incredible value to our lives, but they wield enormous power like never before, from transnational status to control of products that are directly linked to how we make decisions. The stakes are incredibly high, but the current uncertainty ultimately works in favor of preserving the status quo and its inherent benefits.

This room was originally published in the Buenos Aires timeArgentina’s only English-language newspaper.

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Buenos Aires Weather | The militarization of information in Latin America https://abcingles.net/2022/10/23/buenos-aires-weather-the-militarization-of-information-in-latin-america/ Sun, 23 Oct 2022 15:00:27 +0000 https://abcingles.net/2022/10/23/buenos-aires-weather-the-militarization-of-information-in-latin-america/ It’s easy to dismiss the issue of “fake news” as something innocuous, like the spread of certain memes that only have the power to truly influence a small and probably already radicalized part of society. Yet we know very little about the lasting impacts of misinformation in the digital age, where low barriers to entry […]]]>

It’s easy to dismiss the issue of “fake news” as something innocuous, like the spread of certain memes that only have the power to truly influence a small and probably already radicalized part of society. Yet we know very little about the lasting impacts of misinformation in the digital age, where low barriers to entry and massive access to the majority of the population via social media and messaging apps offer a range of actors a vast theater of action on which to wage information warfare. This is already happening and affecting all of us, whether we care or not, and Latin America has become fertile ground for the use of different disinformation techniques at all levels of the ecosystem of the world. ‘information. The Russian invasion of Ukraine has raised the stakes of an already contested geopolitical battleground that, beyond Vladimir Putin, includes the United States and Western Europe, as well as China as a main actors. It is also a hotly contested arena for regional and national players, with the rise of right-wing populists like Jair Bolsonaro in Brazil and ultra-libertarians in Argentina who have become important players in the realm of power – largely in because of their online presence. presence. In a few countries where dictatorships have taken hold, such as Nicolás Maduro’s Venezuela and Ortegas’ Nicaragua, the information ecosystem is tightly controlled by the authorities, but it is also a space where activists try to fight back. . It would therefore be a mistake to dismiss the threat of digital disinformation.

According to political strategy expert Daniel Arbol, our information ecosystem is contaminated and disordered, making it ripe for a loss of trust, leaving the doors wide open to what are mistakenly called “fakes”. news”. Speaking alongside Juan Battaleme (also a strategy and security expert) at the recent Digital Communication Network (DCN) event in Costa Rica, he noted that Latin America is one of the regions of the world where the perception the risk of misinformation is the highest (74.2% of Internet users according to the Misinformation Review of the Harvard Kennedy School). Accessing information and being informed about news are two of the top three reasons people use the internet around the world, meaning the ability to generate digital harm – which can range from political and economic to physical and psychological – is huge. Space actors can be characterized by their motivation, whether political or financial, centralized or decentralized. State actors, for example, are politically driven and centralized, while grassroots trolls seek to influence the political ecosystem from decentralized systems. Two other examples are private influencers (centralized and finance-driven actors) and pure rent seekers (finance-driven and decentralized). Eventually, the information ecosystem could find itself caught in a “narrative war” by malicious actors “identified by strategies to deceive, intent to cause harm, generation of disruptive impacts, and interference in the socio-political functioning”.

Misinformation is not new and has been used for millennia. Yet its digital iteration harnesses the power of the internet which has brought together the largest and most interconnected communications network in human history. This ecosystem is controlled by a group of gatekeepers, all private sector companies with their own financial interests. A majority of them come from the United States. Google’s parent Alphabet, Mark Zuckerberg’s Meta (Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp) and Twitter make up the American triumvirate, joined by China’s ByteDance (TikTok) as the main information warfare platforms. All of these companies use ad-based models that seek to maximize engagement through powerful AI-powered algorithms. Together, they reach almost all Internet users in most Latin American countries.

A study by First Draft News, a recently discontinued nonprofit, noted the spread of misinformation among American Hispanics during the Covid-19 pandemic. Not only were American Latinos twice as likely to be infected with Covid and 2.3 times more likely to die from it, but they were also more likely to believe misinformation about the virus. Spanish as a language has had an impact, as automated moderation of content on platforms like Facebook and Twitter is much weaker in languages ​​other than English. Yet a lack of media literacy, the prevalence of WhatsApp as a communication channel, and the outsized influence of religious leaders fueling misinformation have all played their part. Dark social platforms like WhatsApp are key to understanding the spread of misinformation, especially given their reach and heavy usage. During the same DCN talk, Paula Bravo Medina of CNN en Español explained what she dubbed the “theory of the tia(“the aunt theory”). Our archetypal Latino aunt is well-meaning and beloved by her family members, but also a heavy user of WhatsApp and Facebook to spread fake news. Typically, she’s an older lady who spends many hours glued to her smartphone while consuming memes and whatever happens to her. Then she spreads this content through social media to her family members, friends, community groups, and anyone else she finds in her contacts. She is the type of user most easily targeted by misinformation, and probably one of the hardest to inoculate against her.

From a distance, it is easy to comment on the weaponization of information in the war between Ukraine (and the West) and Russia. Both Putin and Volodymr Zelensky have sought to dominate the narrative of the conflict. Russia relied on state-backed news outlets such as Sputnik News and RT, banned major Western platforms from its internet space and engaged in offensive campaigns on these platforms in an attempt to form an opinion. abroad. Zelenskyy and the Ukrainians were capable communicators and effective users of social media, countering Russia’s “Nazi narrative” and positioning themselves as one of the last bricks in the wall between Europe and Putin’s expansionist ambitions. As on the battlefield, the Ukrainians seem to have grown in size.

Yet we are also part of the global information war in Latin America, even if we have no skin in the war in Europe. Russia has expanded throughout the region with Sputnik and RT, while China is present through the Xinghua news agency. Much more is happening behind the scenes as both countries have interests in the region, particularly China. The United States, of course, is wary of the presence of its geopolitical rivals in what it has historically considered its backyard, a categorization that we Latin Americans should firmly reject. At the Summit of the Americas held in Los Angeles a few months ago, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken accused Russia and China of spreading misinformation about the Covid-19 pandemic in an attempt to discredit western democracies.

“We have seen how these falsehoods polarize communities, intoxicate public debate and undermine people’s trust in health systems, government institutions and democracy,” he said, according to France24. “No region in the world is so dangerous for journalists [as Latin America, where] crimes like these persist, in large part because those who order and carry them out are not held accountable,” he noted, announcing the U.S. commitment to increased funding to combat misinformation in the region.

Beyond the geopolitical struggle, the digital space has become locally contested. The right seems more effective in gaining ground at the expense of traditional political actors in Argentina and Brazil. Across the continent, politicians and other actors have built digital communications networks, troll farms and all sorts of capacities to influence the political sphere. Big media companies have tried to follow, usually several steps behind social media influencers.

It’s a new world out there.

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